Excessive Scope Change Request:
Determining the scope of a project is an important step in the project management planning life cycle. Project scope involves documenting and determining a list of specific costs, deadlines, tasks, deliverables and the goals of the project. Documenting the scope of a project involves identifying the responsibilities of each and every member of the project management team. It also involves drafting up procedures on how to verify and approve the product, once it comes under completion (Garton and Erika, 17).
The documentation of the scope will provide the project management team with guidelines on how to manage the various change requests. On this basis therefore, it is better to scope the project in the beginning of its initiation. This will enable the project management team to manage effectively manage change that occurs at the various stages of the management of a project. The management will therefore modify their project management life cycle due to excessive scope request in order to avoid a creep in the scope (Hughes and Bob, 52). That is different parts of a project taking more time, effort and work because of poor planning.
Client involvement changes:
The participation and involvement of a client during the process of project management is important in determining whether the project will succeed or not. This is because it is the client who pays for the projects, and guides the project manager on what he or she expects from the project. This is once the project comes under completion. A client will also participate in reviewing the project, highlighting areas that he or she wants the project management team to change or improve (Garton and Erika, 23).
On this basis, a client is an important part of the process of developing a project. A change in a client will affect the scope of the projects, because different clients will have different goals for their projects. The views and perception of one client, will always conflict with the views and perceptions of another client (Hughes and Bob, 47). On this basis, a project team will have to modify their project management life cycle because it is the client who pays for the work.
Garton and Erika (21) observe that identifying potential risks and threats that affect the completion of a project will affect its success. Identifying these risks will enable the project to take prudent measures of mitigating them, at the initiation of the project (Garton and Erika, 33). Garton and Erika further denote that these decisions will help the project team to finish the project on time, and within the budget. Failing to modify a project life cycle, once the project team identifies a risk can increase the costs of the project, and this is not favorable to the client.
Resources refer to sources of support and supply. It includes people, technology and money. In project management, there are two types of resources, namely human and capital resources. Human resources are people who are able to create a project, and include system programmers, analysts and developers. Capital resources on the other hand are the infrastructure and tools for the development of a project. Availability of these resources is crucial for the successful completion of a project.
For instance, a limited number of system programmers will affect the quality of the finished project, and can possibly increase the cost of doing the project (Hughes and Bob, 11). On this basis, once a project team will denote that they do not have sufficient resources to handle the project, it is prudent for them to modify the project management life cycle. On this basis, modifying a project will help the project team to ensure that the project gets back on schedule. This aspect is referred to as crashing.
With the evolution of technology, the importance of project management increases in terms of the various tasks that a project manager needs to carry out, and the necessary knowledge of carrying out such tasks. On this basis, technological change affects then skills that a project team needs for purposes of completing the project (Garton and Erika, 17). Failure to have such skills will amount to a delay in the completion of a project, and an increase in the costs of completing the project. On this basis, it is important to modify the project management life cycle in order to reflect the technological skills the members of a team have.
- Works Cited:
- Garton, Colleen, and Erika McCulloch. Fundamentals of Technology Project Management.
- Chicago: MC Press, 2012. Print.
- Hughes, Bob, and Bob Hughes. Project Management for IT-Related Projects. 2nd ed. Swindon:
- BCS Learning & Development Limited, 2012. Print.